Masame K, Adachi T, Kochi S, 2008, "Impressions of smiling faces with cleft lip and palate" Perception 37 ECVP Abstract Supplement, page 76
Impressions of smiling faces with cleft lip and palate
K Masame, T Adachi, S Kochi
Most patients with cleft lip and palate (CLP) have reduced social and interpersonal communication skills. They often look relatively expressionless. A rating experiment was conducted to see if smiling faces of CLP patients improve their facial impression. According to the results of the discrimination between CLP faces and normal ones, three face types were used in the experiment: saliently deformed CLP faces, less saliently deformed CLP faces, and normal faces. A smiling face and a neutral face was prepared for each face. All faces were of adult females. Twenty female undergraduates rated each face for 9 impression items in 6 steps. A 3-way ANOVA showed that expression was significant, but that face types and interaction between expression and face types were not. Results indicate that, in spite of scarred upper lip and/or deformed nose, there was no difference of facial impressions between CLP faces and normal ones, and that the smiling faces of CLP patients do improve their facial impressions significantly.
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