Ge L, Zhang H, Wang Z, Quinn P C, Pascalis O, Kelly D, Slater A, Tian J, Lee K, 2009, "Two faces of the other-race effect: Recognition and categorisation of Caucasian and Chinese faces" Perception 38(8) 1199 – 1210
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Two faces of the other-race effect: Recognition and categorisation of Caucasian and Chinese faces
Liezhong Ge, Hongchuan Zhang, Zhe Wang, Paul C Quinn, Olivier Pascalis, David Kelly, Alan Slater, Jie Tian, Kang Lee
Received 24 July 2008, in revised form 5 February 2009; published online 29 June 2009
Abstract. The other-race effect is a collection of phenomena whereby faces of one’s own race are processed differently from those of other races. Previous studies have revealed a paradoxical mirror pattern of an own-race advantage in face recognition and an other-race advantage in race-based categorisation. With a well-controlled design, we compared recognition and categorisation of own-race and other-race faces in both Caucasian and Chinese participants. Compared with own-race faces, other-race faces were less accurately and more slowly recognised, whereas they were more rapidly categorised by race. The mirror pattern was confirmed by a unique negative correlation between the two effects in terms of reaction time with a hierarchical regression analysis. This finding suggests an antagonistic interaction between the processing of face identity and that of face category, and a common underlying processing mechanism.
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