Roark D A, O’Toole A J, Abdi H, Barrett S E, 2006, "Learning the moves: The effect of familiarity and facial motion on person recognition across large changes in viewing format" Perception 35(6) 761 – 773
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Learning the moves: The effect of familiarity and facial motion on person recognition across large changes in viewing format
Dana A Roark, Alice J O’Toole, Hervé Abdi, Susan E Barrett
Received 4 April 2005, in revised form 15 July 2005; published online 26 April 2006
Abstract. Familiarity with a face or person can support recognition in tasks that require generalization to novel viewing contexts. Using naturalistic viewing conditions requiring recognition of people from face or whole body gait stimuli, we investigated the effects of familiarity, facial motion, and direction of learning/test transfer on person recognition. Participants were familiarized with previously unknown people from gait videos and were tested on faces (experiment 1a) or were familiarized with faces and were tested with gait videos (experiment 1b). Recognition was more accurate when learning from the face and testing with the gait videos, than when learning from the gait videos and testing with the face. The repetition of a single stimulus, either the face or gait, produced strong recognition gains across transfer conditions. Also, the presentation of moving faces resulted in better performance than that of static faces. In experiment 2, we investigated the role of facial motion further by testing recognition with static profile images. Motion provided no benefit for recognition, indicating that structure-from-motion is an unlikely source of the motion advantage found in the first set of experiments.
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