Vianin P, Baumberger B, Flückiger M, 2004, "Distance estimation in a dynamic simulated environment: A visual field dependence problem?" Perception 33(5) 561 – 568
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Distance estimation in a dynamic simulated environment: A visual field dependence problem?
Pascal Vianin, Bernard Baumberger, Michelangelo Flückiger
Received 23 August 2003, in revised form 9 February 2004
Abstract. Egocentric distance estimation implies that the subject perceives his own location in the environment. In a simulated environment, subjects have to transpose perceptively their own observation point in order to assume their virtual body position. As only visual information specifies this position, their ability to perceive the camera viewpoint should be linked to the field dependence - independence factor (FDI).
Field-independent subjects underestimated the mid-distance between their own virtual body position and a far-located target; their bisection was located between the projective (2-D) and the simulated (3-D) mid-distance which indicates their difficulty in considering the in-depth simulated spatial references. High correlations between the vertical estimation in the rod-and-frame test and the egocentric-distance-estimation task (with shifted camera) suggest a similar perceptive process in both tasks. This result is confirmed by the better performances of the field-dependent subjects in this condition. In conclusion, we discuss the relationship between FDI and the sense of presence in virtual environments.
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