Norman J F, Dawson T E, Butler A K, 2000, "The effects of age upon the perception of depth and 3-D shape from differential motion and binocular disparity" Perception 29(11) 1335 – 1359
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The effects of age upon the perception of depth and 3-D shape from differential motion and binocular disparity
J Farley Norman, Thomas E Dawson, Amy K Butler
Received 28 December 1999, in revised form 29 May 2000
Abstract. The ability of younger and older adults to perceive the 3-D shape, depth, and curvature of smooth surfaces defined by differential motion and binocular disparity was evaluated in six experiments. The number of points defining the surfaces and their spatial and temporal correspondences were manipulated. For stereoscopic sinusoidal surfaces, the spatial frequency of the corrugations was also varied. For surfaces defined by motion, the lifetimes of the individual points in the patterns were varied, and comparisons were made between the perception of surfaces defined by points and that of more ecologically valid textured surfaces. In all experiments, the older observers were less sensitive to the depths and curvatures of the surfaces, although the deficits were much larger for motion-defined surfaces. The results demonstrate that older adults can extract depth and shape from optical patterns containing only differential motion or binocular disparity, but these abilities are often manifested at reduced levels of performance.
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