Melmoth D R, Kukkonen H T, Mäkelä P K, Rovamo J M, 2000, "Scaling extrafoveal detection of distortion in a face and grating" Perception 29(9) 1117 – 1126
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Scaling extrafoveal detection of distortion in a face and grating
Dean R Melmoth, Heljä T Kukkonen, Pia K Mäkelä, Jyrki M Rovamo
Received 4 June 1999, in revised form 6 March 2000
Abstract. Peripheral performance involving simple visual tasks and stimuli can be equated with foveal performance by spatial scaling, whilst more complex tasks and stimuli seem to need additional scaling of image contrast. We therefore determined whether the contrast manipulation needed to compensate for eccentricity-dependent performance changes is due to an increase in stimulus or task difficulty. We measured contrast sensitivities to determine foveal and peripheral ability to discriminate between an original and a distorted version of a polar - circular sinusoidal grating and a face image. Contrast sensitivities as a function of image size were spatially scaleable across eccentricities for both the face and grating. Furthermore, irrespective of stimulus, performance could be scaled with the same individual E2 value. Thus task simplicity overrides the nature of the stimulus in determining scaling requirements, suggesting that it is the complexity of the task, not of the stimulus, that makes contrast scaling necessary in complex tasks.
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