Wagemans J, Kolinsky R, 1994, "Perceptual organisation and object recognition -- POOR is the acronym, rich the notion" Perception 23(4) 371 – 382
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Perceptual organisation and object recognition -- POOR is the acronym, rich the notion
Johan Wagemans, Régine Kolinsky
Abstract. Instead of studying perceptual organisation and object recognition in relative isolation, they can be viewed as two highly related sets of processes performed by the visual system to achieve its goal of acquiring information about the world.
Fifteen papers devoted to specific subproblems within this active area of research have been brought together in two successive issues of Perception. Collectively they demonstrate that focusing on the functional interrelationships between perceptual organisation and object recognition will enrich our understanding of each of the subprocesses involved.
The editorial provides an overview of the papers together with a discussion on how they relate to one another. If a general message is to be extracted from this set of papers, it is that the reported findings and the speculations offered to explain them suggest that the visual system's processes cannot be characterised in general by simple dichotomies such as analytic versus wholistic, bottom-up versus top-down, local versus global, low-level versus high-level, parallel versus serial, etc. Instead, it appears that a wide variety of mechanisms is available to the visual system. Therefore, a complete understanding of its functioning will require careful examination of the circumstances within which one processing mechanism seems to be selected over another, depending on the available information, the task demands, and perhaps even the observer's individual characteristics.
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