Gillam B, Ryan C, 1992, "Perspective, orientation disparity, and anisotropy in stereoscopic slant perception" Perception 21(4) 427 – 439
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Perspective, orientation disparity, and anisotropy in stereoscopic slant perception
Barbara Gillam, Colin Ryan
Received 26 April 1991 in revised form 22 August 1991
Abstract. Stereoscopic depth estimates are not predictable from the geometry of point disparities. The configural properties of surfaces (surface contours) may play an important role in determining, for example, slant responses to a disparity gradient, and the marked anisotropy in favour of slant around a horizontal axis. It has been argued that variation in slant magnitude are attributable to the degree of perspective conflict present and that anisotropy is attributable to orientation disparity, which varies with the axis of slant. Three experiments were conducted in which configural properties were varied to try and tease apart the respective roles of orientation disparity and conflicting perspective in determining stereoscopic slant perception and slant axis anisotropy. The results could not be accounted for by the magnitude of the orientation disparities present. Conflicting perspective cues appeared to play a role but only for slant around a vertical axis. It was concluded that there are important configural effects in stereopsis attributable neither to orientation disparity nor to perspective.
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