Guttmann J, Spatz H-C, 1985, "Frequency of fusion and of loss of fusion, and binocular depth perception with alternating stimulus presentation" Perception 14(1) 5 – 12
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Frequency of fusion and of loss of fusion, and binocular depth perception with alternating stimulus presentation
Josef Guttmann, Hanns-Christof Spatz
Received 30 May 1984, in revised form 13 November 1984
Abstract. Stereoscopic vision was investigated with an experimental design allowing dichoptic stimulus presentation at different frequencies of image alternation. For twenty subjects the frequency of binocular fusion and the frequency of loss of fusion to one stereoscopic image was measured as a function of the convergence angle. In thirteen subjects no dependence of the fusion frequency was found, while seven subjects showed a marked increase of the fusion frequency with increasing angle of convergence. In all cases the frequency of fusion was higher than the frequency of loss of fusion. Both frequencies, however, are lower than the flicker fusion frequency. Under conditions where no monocular cues and no references for stereoptic depth comparisons were presented, the apparent distance of the image from the observer could not be assessed, but perception of relative motion in depth was possible. All subjects assessed the direction of motion accurately down to changes of the convergence angle of 0.2 deg s-1.
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